I received my Medical Degree from Hunan Medical University, China (now known as Central South University Xiangya School of Medicine) in 1989. I finished my residency training in three departments, the Department of Internal Medicine, Surgery, and Infectious Diseases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan College of Chinese Medicine (now known as Hunan University of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology). I finished Fellow training in Clinical Immunology in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Medical University (now known as the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University) in China. I received my postdoctoral research trainings at four institutes, Indiana University School of Medicine; Children’s Hospital Los Angeles; University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine. Now I work as a Researcher in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine. My research work over the past 21 years has focused on understanding the role of HLA antibodies in chronic transplant rejection with the ultimate goal of developing novel therapeutic strategies for prevention of transplant vasculopathy.